The success of chinchilla breeding for the most part determined by the performance of certain rules of tribal work for chinchilla breeders. But in this lesson, there is the practical aspect, to which we also should not forget: need a proper selection of the partners rodents, which is determined not only by tribal qualities, but also the peculiarities of the behavior of each individual animal, it is necessary to chinchilla breeders know all the details and subtleties of breeding chinchillas and care for the young offspring. Even if at first that something does not work, it is not a reason to worry. A little effort and time – and You will succeed.
The selection of pairs – manual for chinchilla breeders.
When chinchilla breeders select a male and a female is important to consider that they have good pedigrees, and also make sure that they have a strong and healthy look. In addition to this there are still a few rules. Mate and to give offspring can only animals that have similar basic indicators, such as the quality and colors of skin. Because of this, to education couples usually take chinchillas from the same family line. But if rodents are too close relationship, then there is also the risk of not getting healthy offspring. Not recommended to chinchilla breeders to take couples, related to the third generation.
Also chinchilla breeders significant role in the formation of couples playing age of chinchillas. For young females fit males of any age. But it is the young males everything is much more complicated. In pair with a young male and adult female will be less healthy pups, than in pair with chinchillas of the same age.
But there is a problem. For example, chinchilla breeders picked up the male and the female, which is fully suited to each other in age and in the breeding data. But, however, their progeny or looks weak and unhealthy, or it is not. What chinchilla breeders can do in this situation? For the first time the days of Dating chinchillas it is best to keep in a cage, but on the opposite wall partitions. This method is also effective in case of disagreements in the already established a pair.
For each pair, chinchilla breeders need to create a favorable and suitable for breeding conditions. The first time will need to closely monitor their relationship, but do not make it too Intrusive, since chinchillas do not like to be frequently harassed. Especially carefully it is necessary to observe the conduct of the females, because she was aggressive and larger than male. If chinchilla breeders notice that the animals can not get along with each other in a cage, you have to immediately separate them, and to search for new partners.
Couples easier forming of the young males and females. Most of the time they maintain an excellent relationship with the time, as their first time was put in one cell, i.e., approximately from six months of age, and to a great age. Bring the high-quality and healthy offspring chinchillas may 10 years, in spite of the fact, that can live to the age of 18 years.
From the formed pairs, located in favorable conditions, already very soon can we expect the first cubs. Maturity in chinchillas comes in six or seven months. The healthy development of these rodents, the main part starts to mate in about nine months.
Also, males and females should have the good physical form in order to reproduction would have gone through successfully. For example too skinny or animals most likely bring the weak, the sick, and perhaps even non-viable cubs. It is also possible females.
Will be not difficult to notice that these animals are preparing to reproduce. Especially, if chinchilla breeders have the idea of “biological rhythm” of a female. After the female chinchilla reaches puberty, the time intervals, when it can be connected, will be held with a certain periodicity. These periods last from 2 to 7 days and repeated for the year several times, usually after 41 days (there are cases, when this figure ranges from 30 to 50 days). A possible violation of the cycle because of the pregnancy of animals. In addition to the periods of reproduction also affects the time of year and the local climate. The most heavily their sexual activity chinchillas are usually in the period from November to may, and the maximum is reached in January-February. At the same time there is the biggest number of successful copulations. In the period of readiness to mate with these rodents occur marked changes in behavior. Chinchillas are more active than usual. They do not cease to move even in the daytime, when they usually sleep or simply have a rest. Their activity is mainly expressed in the life of a male over a female. Male, loudly sniffing pursued the female throughout the cell. And the female in this period, loses her appetite, and little to eat, don’t forget to cast away the food.
But not to take accidental manifestation of activity for the preparation to mate, it makes sense to test their external genitalia. The animals that are ready to grow, they become more rozoveyut. In the male, at a considerable distance from anal holes at once can be seen in a sexual organ, which stands out more than usual. And females becomes visible the gender gap, located very close to the anus.
Chinchillas are unlikely to be connected to someone’s eyes, therefore, most likely, will not see the process itself. However chinchilla breeders, it is very important day, the pairing. For this it is necessary every morning to inspect the cells of animals, which should breed in the near future. That mating has occurred, it will be possible to learn on some external features. Firstly, in the female during mating in the vagina is formed vaginal plug (a waxy a bundle of about 2.5-3 cm), which chinchilla breeders can find in the cell, which will serve as a proof. Also in the cage, you will find a torn coat.
The mating process chinchillas are most often seen to fail. Meanwhile fix it time (day) is useful as accurately as possible, so you need in the morning inspected the cells of animals, had already taken under special control. The fact of mating animals can be noted by indirect evidence. First of all, they can serve as a presence in the cage so-called vaginal plugs, a waxy long flagella length of up to 2.5-3 cm. At the same time in the cage can be found scraps of wool. But all these traces can be found, if mating occurred immediately after the female gave birth to cubs. If chinchilla breeders do not find these obvious signs of that the help can only observation and experience with rodents. If chinchilla breeders are just starting this business, and chinchilla breeders have still not enough trained eye for such things, then you can resort to a permanent dimension of the weight females, to know she is pregnant or not.
Pregnancy is a chinchilla is 110 days, but this figure may also vary from 105 to 115 days. In the last weeks of pregnancy females need to provide special care. Advised to stop to weigh animals and to avoid the possibility of physical contact. Pregnant females are necessary permanent peace, so as to childbirth they are the most worried. This may cause the emergence of non-viable or even the dead babies.
Pregnant females should now be much more than food, and their diet should include a variety of food enriched with vitamins. The standard in the diet it is recommended to add a juicy fodder, milk and products with a high content of useful vitamins. The biggest expenses зверовода expect in the last days of pregnancy, during the birth of the cubs and in the first weeks of the life of the kids. A pregnant female before birth it will be necessary to provide some additional facilities to all went well. For approximately 10 days before the delivery must be reversed female box opening up to the pregnant female could not throw the insulated material (usually put hay or straw). Chinchilla breeders can use electrical appliances for heating of the nest. Also a few days before the long-awaited event should be removed from the cells of the tank with sand for bathing. All this is necessary for a healthy delivery.
In the last weeks of pregnancy in females changed the attitude of the male. Even though before that they got along well, then now a growing concern females makes with aggression look at the male. In such a case it is necessary to intervene immediately, but it is better to put in the cell wall or отсадить male in another cell at the first sign of the coming generations. It is extremely necessary both for maintaining the peace of the pregnant females, and for the preservation of security fellow at the cage.
The activity of females is significantly reduced in the last days of pregnancy. There was little she eats and practically does not move. In this period it is worth to pay more attention to a sensitive as pregnant chinchilla, try not to make noise and not to make any sudden movements in the room. This is quite a serious note, because, with strong nerves and stress chinchilla able to eat their young. Chinchilla breeders need to with great attention and care to follow the female. It should also cover the cage dark cloth – this will help to reduce her anxiety
The sooner You find the newborn cubs, the greater will be their chances of survival. Some of them may need serious help. Usually chinchilla give birth in a 5-8 hours of the morning. Therefore morning inspection you must begin with the cells, where it is expected the application.
Before birth the chinchilla on the nose can see a sheen of sweat on her also increases the loop. Before the delivery female allocates мутноватую liquid. Usually chinchilla breeders does not need help, to give birth to cubs. Depending on the number of cubs, condition and age of the female labour may take from several minutes to several hours. After the birth chinchilla quickly comes to its normal condition and begins to take care of the cubs.